How to build up a cyber café

That Internet was launched originated the up coming of relevant business. Internet café is one of the following consequences of internet invention. It was 14 years since the global network was invented that internet café was first launched and developed. Up to now, this kind of business is still profitable and attracts a lot of young business starter to take part in because it is considered a social gaming space attracting a lot of young customers. However, beside advantages, businessmen have to mount a plenty of challenge. If they are green and unready for taking challenges, their restaurant will no sooner go bankrupt. How to build up a profitable cyber café? This article will provide you good information if you are in favor of doing business in terms of cyber café.

There are five essential things you should know very clear to ensure that you can start your business successfully.

  1. Business models

What is the definition of business model and what does it mention? Business model describes the way or method businessman organizes their company or organization. The business model you choose will have strongest effect on your business running. Therefore, you really have to make decision carefully.

There are plenty of business models for you to choose. Traditionally, you provide user only with internet accession. However, it has not been popular recently. Businessmen are more in favor of service drink and food along with internet accession. This type is quite interesting and profitable more than the former one. However, because it is easy to get profit in this type of business, many people join this industry. As a result, doing business in cyber café is very strongly competitive and difficult than it used to be. If your restaurant does not have unique point that attracts and retains your customers, there is no chance for you in this competitive market.

  1. Plan making
  • Not only when you want to start up business in internet café field but also in almost every business career, before starting up, businessman always have a specific and solid business plan. If your are a business starter who have no experience, you should ask the experience one like a current coffee shop owner in your down town or some one who used to work in this field. Or else, you can observe them to self learn experience. Some one even spends few month working as waitress or waiter in an internet coffee shop to learn about how a cyber café runs and how to manage it well.
  • In general, a business plan should consist of the below things;
  • Business structure
  • Type (s) of product
  • Target customer
  • Finance raising method
  • Advertising method
  • Service line
  • Equipment line
  • Projected expenditure

In the following parts, we will write more details about finance raising finance method, advertising method and service and equipment lines

  1. Projected expenditure and finance raising method
  • It is necessary to make a clear list of what you need to buy and prepare for your business. Make sure that you also list their cost or expenditure you have to spend on them. Then make a summary of total expenditure to decide on what method you should use to raise capital or finance to build up and run your restaurant.
  • There are numerous methods to raise capital to make your business plan into reality.
  • A very close and easy source of money that you can borrow is from your friends, your family and your relatives. The advantage when using this source is that it is very safe and fast to have money in hand. However, it is hard to lend a large amount of money when you borrow money from your friends, family and relatives.
  • Another source is from the bank. There is no need to doubt about the potential of the bank. You can borrow enough money for your business plan. However, it takes a lot of time for the bank to check your form-filled information. Beside, you need to pawn something to be a kind of guarantee.
  • You also can pawn or ask loan- shark for money with high interest rate. You can see the possibility of risk in this finance raising method is extremely high.
  • Last but not least, you can attract investment from some one like “angel” in America or some investor. To do that, your business plan needs to have a very high potential of success. However, it is sure that you have to cooperate with others and can not be the most powerful administration.
  1. Environment

In common, the café environment has to provide customers with comfort and happiness. These factors can be created by music, food, drink, furniture and so on.

  1. Advertising

How will you bring your café restaurant’s images to customer to attract them? Popular methods are using internet support and using visual aids.



Household helpline Heloise to the rescue


Solving a “shocking” problem

Is there any way to stop static electricity? It seems like everything we touch–from our ficus tree to a chocolate cake–gives us a shock.

Michelle Beebower, Austin, Texas

Heloise: During the winter, furnaces, active fireplaces, and heaters remove moisture from the air, causing a buildup in static electricity. To reduce the problem, use a humidifier or cold-mist vaporizer. Place leafy indoor plants and bowls of water around the house to add moisture to the environment. Keep a large pot of water simmering on the stove (add cinnamon sticks and any citrus rind to create a lovely wintry aroma, and never let the pot boil dry). Wearing hand lotion may also help.

Three easy spiff-up projects

Shinier appliances

“How can I keep my black fridge, compactor, and dishwasher sparkling and shiny clean?” asks LaCinda Witt of Anchorage, Alaska. I have the same situation–and must admit I do a lot of wiping! My most important hint is to use a terrycloth towel for the job. Dampen it with an ammonia-based cleaner or with vinegar to wipe away fingerprints and smears.

Buffed boots

“How do I remove road-salt stains from a pair of black leather boots?” writes Jim Birt of Windham, Maine. First, let the boots dry naturally–away from heat or direct sunlight. Stuff them with crumpled newspapers to absorb moisture and to help retain their shape. As they dry, gently brush off any salt and dirt you see. Use a standard leather-cleaning product to finish the job. To shine boots, dampen a cloth with a vinegar-and-water solution (one tablespoon vinegar to one cup water). Wipe over the leather, then apply good old-fashioned saddle soap. To prevent this problem, always treat new leather boots with a product designed to protect against salt stains and water.

Puffier pillows

“How long do you recommend keeping a bed pillow?” asks Annette Frenette of Sterling Heights, Michigan. “I am trying to convince my husband that 30 years is too long, but he says as long as the pillowcase is changed, it’s not a problem.” People do get attached to their pillows! Some sleep experts suggest replacing a pillow every few years, but it’s really up to you. Here’s how to tell if your pillow is doing its job: Is the foam or batting inside the form lumpy or bumpy? Does your feather pillow have to be punched or fluffed up for support? If you fold the pillow in half, does it stay folded? If you answered yes to any of these, it’s time for a nice, new pillow. I give our old pillows to Cabernet, my miniature schnauzer, for her bed–the ultimate in recycling!

Heloise organizes … entryway clutter.

With all the gear you need to get through winter, keeping stuff neat and handy is important. These hints will help you make some order of potential chaos:

  • Station a doormat inside and outside every entrance, including the front door. Add a second rubber mat inside for wet shoes and boots.
  • Keep a coat tree or rack near the door to hang damp coats and scarves to dry before you put them into a closet.
  • Place a small table or love seat alongside the door, with hooks or a Peg-Board above it. Keys, carryalls, and important reminders can be left there.
  • Hang a length of metal chain or rope inside your front-hall closet. Attach clips or spring-action clothespins to store mittens, gloves, and hats. You won’t have to search for lost ones in the morning!
  • Set out a waterproof basket or big ceramic pot for sports equipment and umbrellas. Assign each child a different color plastic milk crate, so gear goes directly into it.

When winter comes, before using a fireplace, heater … you should maintain them before use. Because these items are not used during the summer, they can be damaged, but we need to repair them before using. Such families will encounter less problems with these items.
For items that we use everyday, we also need to check them regularly before use as power sources, wire … So it will help extend the life of household appliances you
Above are some of the experiences that we share, hope it helps you solve a number of problems in the family belongings.

Experience in designing a cyber cafe

You have a cyber café with convenient location but how to attract customers and create comparative advantage? Specialty and difference are what all owners would like to have for the space of the cyber cafe. Through the unique, different features of the architecture design of the cyber café, your cyber café can create a private culture and newness which can attract the attention of customers.

  1. Time and money

Almost all the location of the cyber café is hired then the design of the cyber café must be as much quick and effective as possible. In this case, you should ask for help from a professional designer who has experience and knowledge in designing a cyber café. To shorten the time, the designing will happen nearly at the same time with the improving of the location and buying and installing the furniture for the cyber cafe.

When you design the cyber café, you should take into consideration the suitable time for realizing the design layout into the real cyber café. For example, for the medium sixe cyber café the time for making the design should be from 2 to 3 months if the location needs to be improved, from 3 to 5 months if the cyber café is built.

When you design the layout for the cyber café, you should pay attention to the fact that the design must be flexible because of the following reasons. All the hired location will not have the long period for hiring (normally from 5 to 10 years); the cyber café often needs to be improved or re-built after 2-3 years due to the presence of other competitors as well as the increasing demand of customers. So if the design is not flexible enough it will cause you time and money in case you would like to change it to adapt with the new situation in the coming time.

You should choose basic materials and not too much expensive ones, the material should ne light, easy to change, or fix and of course the price must be within your budget (for example fake cement wall, ceiling, industrial wood stick and so on).

In fact, a cyber café which is considered a beautiful one is the one which owns a good space, nice and attractive arrangement so you should focus on making your cyber café a difference.

  1. Effectiveness and suitability

All owners would like their cyber café to accommodate as many customers at the same time as possible, meaning they would like the designer to make use of all the space inside the cyber café, then the designer has to narrow other supplementary space such as gaming space, bar area, staff room, toilet, corner for decoration and so on. Besides, designer has to design and calculate the way to arrange as many tables and chairs as possible for the above purpose of the owner of the cyber cafe.

However, in fact, a nice atmosphere and space of the cyber café can be obtained if inside there is enough empty space so it means it will not good if tables and chairs is arranged too close to each others. If that, the atmosphere will become suffocating and customers can lose their privacy when the others seat too close to them.

According to the experience of professional designers, at the opening time, the arrangement of tables and chairs should not be too close as the cyber café can not reach its full productivity, it can reach only 50 to 70% of business productivity; after 3 to 6 months of operation if the customers increases, then we can re-design a little bit to find more space for increasing number of customers. An open, fresh and private atmosphere can more satisfy your customers which can increase your business profit later.

If you would like to open a cyber café with bar and fast food then the design should focus on each room and each area. You can have the area for holding birthday party; or music concert. It depends on your space to design the area and which then can identify how many people the space can accommodate. If you have large space, then think of this option, otherwise you can lose your business because a narrow space should not be for many purposes.

In the design, you should focus on the connection between the open and active area with quiet area. Even though they are designed for different customers with different purposes but they are in one cyber café then you and designer have to think how to connect them to match with the main theme of the cyber cafe. Therefore, in order to have a good design for a cyber café you should know clearly about your customers, their features and the trend of enjoying the cyber café also.



How to choose kitchen sinks

Kitchen sinks are items used most often in the kitchen. Not only wash dishes but also making their own style if they are designed in accordance with the kitchen space. Therefore, when purchasing a kitchen sink, you can choose the type of long-term use without “old-fashioned” kitchen. The design of the kitchen also affects the type of sink is installed. Before considering to set up your kitchen, you need to answer what size you want. The designer has given many suggestions including a standard 22”x24” single bowl model for kitchens smaller than 150 square feet. In case your kitchen has a space around that size, bring one to yours. There are many models that’s deep but not wide, which gives you enough space without taking up too much of your countertop. Then you need to know what best kitchen sinks in the market. But all of them there are 3 basics models you should know:

  • Single tub: size 500 x 600 x 200mm, easy to wash large pots pans, but the weakness is not saving water. This type is often used as a secondary sink, popular in restaurant
  • Double sinks: This is a common device used in homes today with two equally elected wash, packaging sizes cover 700 – 800mm length; 430 – 500mm width and 200 – 220mm for depth. This is a type for family of 4 members, with spacious and separate processing area.
  • Special sink: There are 3 or more tank or 2 tanks and 1 semi-processed surface, increasing the area used for washing area.

A part of kitchen sink makes more effective to wash your dishes is the air compressor. This is a system to make pressure stream of water as the small, powerful shot high and far. With this system, you will get pleasure when using the product. You can take the air compressors reviews in to get more information about this system. Here, you can have the best advice on many models as well as the quality of the kitchen sinks. Some people confuse on many kinds of kitchen sinks such as a farmhouse sink, also known as an apron sink or apron front sink. This is a large, deep model which is easier to use and fit your space. You can find it easily in all showrooms and also get more advices from designer to make sure your kitchen changing totally.

Material of kitchen sinks is also an important part to choose the best one. What do the best option? Some productions launch their products with many materials like steel or iron. But Steel sinks are a common choice due to their durability, low cost and simple cleaning process. However, other options include porcelain, cast iron, composite stone and metals. Consider the overall aesthetic of your kitchen to determine which style best suits your space.

For advanced washing nozzles are mesh to create air bubbles at the top of the water washing process was shot, usually the kind associated with pelvic drain assembly. The type of hose nozzle body wash standards is long and very easy to handle high or low, convenient for use.

Also according to European standards for stainless steel sinks is 1mm thick, usually heart sink deep from 17-> 19 mm, the perineum with class noise. Trap systems of all these pots are inspired garbage and prevent cup to avoid smelly sinks and easily removable when taking the garbage. Moreover, this type of sink impurities (iron pencil …) is very low, so the surface is bright, pots and more particularly when the use of pickled foods like vegetables, fruits … not infected toxic, does not affect human health.

Tips for the best electric tea kettle

Like other household device, in order to have the best electric tea kettle you normally will base on the brand, reasonable price, durability and so on then the following advice can be helpful for you to choose the one that is most suitable with you. In case it can not, you can travel to the website clicking the menu the best electric tea kettle to find out other relevant information.

  1. Considering suitable features for your family
  • Power

Normally, the electric tea kettle will have high power, from 600 to 2.500 Watt, which can help the users to have the boiling water quickly. The more the power is, the high speed the water will boil.

– With the electric tea kettle of power 2.000W, 1,8 liter of water can be boiled to 100 degree in around 3 minutes.

– With the electric tea kettle of power 1.000W then the time for boiling will be more around 7 minutes but the price will be more reasonable.

  • Capacity

Depending on the daily usage demand, you should choose the one with appropriate capacity. Ordinary capacity for a normal electric tea kettle will be from 0.8L to 1.7L.

– If you are a student and you live alone you can use one with low capacity from 0.8L to 1.2L which can help you to save the electricity and the space for using as well as it is very easy for you to bring it somewhere else.

– If you have a family you can buy one which have higher capacity from 1.5L to 1.7L, it can be the better choice for your family. The higher capacity electric tea kettle can maintain the heat for the long time so you will not need to re boil the hot water after the time you boil it so you can have hot water for using for a certain period of time.

  •  Noise

Almost all electric tea kettles will create the noise but it will not too much. It is also the sign showing that the water has been boiled and is ready to use and then you will not hear any noise.

  • Electricity saving

High capacity can help to boil the water in the short time and using less electricity. You have to care about the fact that you only boil the amount of water you need to use so you can save the water and the electricity. At the same time you should consider to buy one of well known brand so you can be sure about the quality and durability of the electric tea kettle.

  • Material

The cover of the electric tea kettle will be made of 2 materials; they are heat-resistant plastic and metal. The metal cover (normally is the stainless steel) will have the shining look with heat -resistant ability. It can help to prevent the dust inside and is easy to clean. The plastic cover can have high heat-resistant capacity so if your family has a child you should choose the plastic one which can prevent your child from being burnt when touching.

The body of the electric tea kettle normally will be made of the same material with the cover but the plastic one will have additional stainless steel layer inside which can help the water to boil more quickly.

  • Weight

Weight and structure of the electric tea kettle will decide the quality of the kettle. A mobile electric tea kettle is the better choice than a bigger one which can save more space.

  1. Level of convenience
  • Electric source line and bottom of the tea kettle

You have to make sure that the electric source line is closely plugged in. During the time of using, low quality and safety can make the plastic to be elastic, lacking the electricity from broken line leading to cases of power failure.

  • Holder

You have to check if the holder of the tea kettle is durable and heat-resistant. It must be closely stuck to the body of the tea kettle otherwise you can lose it when you move it which can be very dangerous for the users.

  • Table to show the water level

And of course, if you would like to know the exact water level to do a certain thing so the table to show the water level in the body of the tea kettle is necessary for you.


Bathroom Decoration: bathroom ideas

More than any other room in the house, a bathroom’s design must effectively combine form and function. It’s not always an easy balance, but get it right and you make this essential room much more comfortable, safer and a stunning part of your home’s design.
Any discussion about bathroom design must actually cover three different spaces: the powder room or half-bath; the separate or guest bath; and the master bathroom. Each presents different design opportunities and challenges, but the basics of sound design underlying successful bathroom style are the same no matter what size the room may be. For instance, safety is the paramount concern in any bathroom because of the combination of water and slick surfaces. Hygiene and cleanliness are also natural issues to consider whenever you choose materials and fixtures for a bathroom design.

Whatever the particulars, one of the great things about a bathroom is that it doesn’t take much to renew the look of the room. A design update can entail a quick makeover or a complete remodel. Add a new faucet, showerhead and towel bars, and you introduce fresh new flair to the room. A little paint and a refinished vanity can do the same. Of course, you can change the look even more dramatically if you’re willing to resurface the walls or floors, or make bigger changes such as adding a standalone shower enclosure, a bidet or a jetted tub. Larger changes can also make the room more usable. Add his-and- her sinks, and you alleviate marital friction and make the morning bathroom rush hour a lot less stressful for everyone.
Luxury, though, is the highest calling for a bathroom design. Steam fittings in a shower stall, towel warmers, super-deep soaking tubs and mini-saunas are all ways to turn the bathroom into less of a purely functional space and more of a spa-like experience. The examples that follow illustrate the full range of possibilities for your bathroom. Choose the options that suit your space, your life, your budget and your tastes, and turn this functional space into a more comfortable design gem that adds to the look, comfort and enjoyment of your home.


Bathroom design details don’t need to be ostentatious or over the top to make a big impact. This simple black-and-white bathroom is made more stylish with the addition of a frosted-glass divider at the foot of the tub, a simple black bathmat over an understated sisal rug and unusual shelves that offer dynamic shapes and plenty of visual interest. All the fixtures are kept simple and white, and contemporary faucet fittings reinforce the room’s uncomplicated—yet beautiful—aesthetic.


Turn to unexpected style features such as the chandelier and period-style chair used in this room and
include top-of-the-line fixtures such as this drop- in whirlpool tub. Captured in a highly detailed custom oval surround, this model includes heated backrests, 36 jets, molded armrests, color-matched grab bars and room enough for two. A luxury shower stall or bathtub like this not only elevates the bathroom’s look, it can vastly improve your day-to-day life.


Institute high style in your bathroom by including a mix of textures and patterns to provide increased visual interest anywhere the eye settles. The sleek white marble floor in this lavish bathroom competes for attention with the showy silver patterned wallpaper framing the bump out. The simple modern fixtures and vanity, as well as a glass shower enclosure, reinforce the luxurious style driving the rooms aesthetic. Notice that as stylish as the space is, function and storage have not been sacrificed to the design.


The southwestern flair of this en suite bathroom and walk-in closet combo features a vanity and
storage that not only match the cabinetry in the closet and dressing area but also look custom
made for the space. There is a vanity and matching storage furniture to suit any bathroom—even if the room has adobe walls and irregular stone payers for a floor.


Add unexpected elements to a bathroom—especially a large bathroom such as this—to pump up the visual interest. The chaise lounge reinforces the notion of the room as a spa retreat. The open shelving with rolled up towels is a great way to store attractive textiles, but it also provides rounded shapes that contrast the overwhelmingly linear design of the room, up to and including the stylish spout outside the tub. Shape and line are as much a part of the well-designed bathroom as color and texture.


Mounting sink fixtures through the mirror is an innovative and chic choice for bathrooms. The temperature controls are left on the vanity, while waterproof backsplash tiles create a clear border from countertop to wall. The matte black tile has a scintillating surface relief that invites the hand as well as the eye. Small details such as this can dial your bathroom design up a notch with a modest investment, regardless of the size of the room.


Reinforce your bathrooms design theme with your choice of toilets. The available selection of toilet styles is greater than ever before and, as shown here, includes some eye-catching shapes. This bathroom is equipped with both toilet and bidet, and as is done in almost every case, the two are a matched set. These modern-style fixtures are also low-flow, which is not only the socially responsible way to go, it’s also mandated by many local, regional and state ordinances.


Choose lighting fixtures to not only serve the function, but also add a flashy form to the bathroom’s design. Sconces, like this matched pair, are perfect for bringing a bit of drama into the room. Notice how the blown-glass shades on these units work perfectly with the wall paint color and also complement the handsome vanity-and-mirror combination, If you have your heart set on colorful light fixtures, it’s a wise idea to bring paint and vanity finish samples with you when you go shopping.


Looking to impress in your bathroom? If you’re willing to spend a bit more, you can’t go wrong with a custom -tiled shower enclosure like the one shown here. Distinctive motif indicators like the arch used in this shower opening, the alcove shelf and the wall detailing add even more flair. The mix of tile shapes, colors and sizes is a sure way to keep the eye moving and interested. A bench makes this particular shower as luxurious to use as it is to look at.


Create an unforgettable morning ritual by including multiple showerheads in your shower. The body sprayers shown here combine with an overhead rainwater showerhead to turn a simple shower into a hedonistic daily indulgence. A rail mounted, handheld showerhead increases the adaptability of this shower and makes it even more luxurious. Low-flow versions (pictured here) let you enjoy the sumptuous experience knowing its eco-friendly as well.



A side-yard garden is the outdoor equivalent of a hallway, a little chute of space between the house and property line, joining the front and back yards. An indispensable walkway, it may provide access to service or utility meters on the side of the house. The side yard may also be used (in a limited fashion) fir storage, utility placement, and the routing of service lines.

Side yards are gardens on the skinny, since the space rarely exceeds 15 feet in total width (less than 10 feet in new housing) and is much longer. Usually the space is too pinched for any active use other than walking.

Common Design Problems

  • The main challenge is maintaining a usable passage while creating an attractive garden space. The choice of paving materials and the layout of the walkway sets the tone.
    • Unless there is a wall or fence along the property line, the boundary may not be clearly defined.
  • It is difficult to make storage areas and utility spaces both secure and attractive.


  • The walkway is everything in a passageway garden. It should provide solid footing, but informal paving such as steppingstones, bricks on sand, or pea gravel will work. Routing the walk from one side to the other in a gentle “S” curve or with a right-angle offset will vary the width of the planting areas and increase the interest of the space.
    • Use a fence (or vine-covered lattice) to define the space and to screen any storage. Gates at either end will look attractive from the front or rear garden while screening the passageway. Hedges or shrubbery are not recommended because they take too much room.
    • An overhead arbor the length of the passageway is an ambitious yet unique way to define the space. It will also make the space uniformly shady.

Key Plantings

The open side of the passageway may receive full sun, while the roof cave may shade the sides adjacent to the house completely. Such conditions make plant selection and water management tricky.

  • Look for a durable evergreen ground cover to provide visual unity, reduce maintenance, and be a foil for more ornamental plants, which you can plant in the ground cover.
    • Take advantage of a wall or fence by planting flowering vines or vigorous climbers and training them to cover it.
  • Locate any trees on the property-line side of a side yard passageway. This will enhance the feeling of enclosure.

Things to Note

Know the drainage pattern. The side yard may be the only route for storm- water runoff to move between the front and back of the residence. Do not block this drainage when creating a passageway garden.
Any gate in a passageway should be wide enough to permit access by emergency repair equipment.


Consider using the passageway for a specialty garden. A side yard can be ideal for a raised-bed vegetable garden or a cutting garden. if it is sunny plant tomatoes; if it is shady, create a fern glade.
A side-yard passageway also can be an elegant entryway. In an urban location, consider installing a small fountain. The sound of water will help you leave the outside world on the far side of the gate.

Bathroom Decoration: Detached & Guest Baths.

One of the key differences among bathrooms is their size. The smallest are half-baths or powder rooms, used mostly by guests. Detached, or guest, bathrooms usually serve more than one bedroom and often have a bathtub shower rather than a separate shower and tub. Master bathrooms are grander spaces that usually include one or more luxury features such as a two-person whirlpool tub or a large, standalone shower enclosure.

Detached baths usually need to serve more than one person, often including both guests and family members. Comfort is king in the detached bath, and small luxuries bring a big bang to the room. If you can carve out space for a separate shower enclosure or large soaking tub, you add immeasurably to the luxury and perceived sophistication of the room. Special tile, standout sinks and chic storage solutions all go a long way toward creating a distinctive detached bath design.


Add a shower to a bathroom that seems squeezed for space by using a neo-angle shower kit. These types of shower enclosures tuck into a corner and take up very little floor space, making them appropriate for even modestly sized guest baths. The unit here was built with a metal frame, but you can also find more modern-looking frameless neo-angle enclosures. You can build a neo-angle shower from scratch or turn to one of the many kits available that make the process easier and quicker—not to mention increasing your style choices.


Design a detached bathroom to optimize the space, getting as much as you can from the room. This long, narrow guest bathroom features a slim—but deep—soaking tub that offers a lot of luxury in a small footprint. Likewise, the glass walls of the shower enclosure are not only chic and afford maximum light penetration; they are also much thinner than a traditional wall, taking up far less space (both visually and physically). A narrow solid surface vanity top with integral his-and-her sinks caps off a space-efficient and understated yet powerful bathroom design.


Outfit an attic guest bath with space considerations in mind. This compact room features a tiny cabinet where the vanity would have gone, because there was no plumbing for a sink. The shower enclosure is positioned for maximum headroom, and the cabinet supplies lust enough storage for the essentials (such as a backup supply of toilet paper). Often, in guest bathrooms, you have to make the most of the space the architecture gives you.


This is especially true in detached bathrooms, which tend to feature low-key designs that verge on boring. This room includes a repetitive oval shape in the mirror, sink and toilet tank—shapes that buffer the wealth of lines and sharp angles in the room. Introducing round or oval shapes makes a room design seem less stiff and less formal and can—as this room clearly shows—make a bathroom appear more inviting.


Detached bathrooms can be squeezed for space, but that doesn’t mean you have to downgrade the luxury. You can include a jetted tub with a useful built-in surround by tucking the structure into a corner. You can also install a standard apron tub with plain sides for even more space savings. In either case, the placement leaves the floor area clear and gives the room a more spacious feel.


Turn to a three- piece tub surround for an easy, handsome surface treatment and a guest bathrooms bathtub shower. These solid panels are inexpensive and available in a wide range of colors and styles, from the very plain to the more ornate, such as the faux tile and ledges shown here. They are usually formed of fiberglass, polymers or other synthetic materials, which means they are lightweight, waterproof, easy to install and fairly durable. Choose versions with integral shelves, cubbies or other features depending on how many people use the tub and shower.


You will find elegance in simplicity when you work with what you have in your guest bathroom. Here, the room’s casework is painted a clean, sharp white that emphasizes the detail without calling too much attention to it. A wall of white tile behind the tub is an uncomplicated treatment that is still quite handsome, and the simple blue-and-bright white color scheme is ideal in a space where cleanliness comes first. This bathroom is proof that you don’t need expensive design bells and whistles to create a truly lovely space.


There’s no harm in keeping your bathroom design low key, especially in a smaller detached bath. Here, demure taupe ceramic tile ties together the tub and shower areas, without closing in the space as bolder, darker or more dynamic tiles might have done. The chunky wood console base for the sink provides a modest amount of style and texture, but its open construction also helps the room appear more spacious. All in all, the combination of neutral colors and simple textures and lines makes this a handsome, if understated, bathroom.


Bring a guest bathroom to stunning life with a minimal, modern treatment. This room features an open floor plan as striking as it is unusual; a graceful freestanding tub with a sweeping form tops an eye-catching marble floor. The modern tiger wood vanity boasts an off-center sink with a sleek modern faucet. Although this is an extreme design style, in the right house, it would be a showstopper.


Bathroom Decoration: Powder Rooms & Half-Baths


You can often get the most out of a small powder room by approaching the design more like you would a main room, rather than another bathroom. This tiny bathroom is a perfect example, featuring an enchanting small vanity that resembles a round console table and a round mirror that might otherwise be found in an entryway. The mirror is supplemented with an adjacent gilt framed mirror, which opens up the room. A small chandelier provides just the right amount of light as it might otherwise do in a foyer, dining room or hallway. The features combine to give this powder room an appeal beyond that basic bathroom style.


More expensive flooring might not be practical in a larger, busier bathroom, but it’s perfect here. This colonial-style half-bath features lovely wood wainscoting and detailed casework, as well as
a stunning oak floor.
The light honey color of the floor and the unusual height of the wainscoting serve to raise the ceiling and increase the sense of space in the bathroom.


Sponging, rag-rolling, stippling and other effects are perfect for such a small, contained space, and they create visual excitement without overwhelming the room. Choose colors carefully to avoid jarring contrasts between the base and top coats and complement the fixtures and furniture in the room—as the brown paint on these walls complements the formal vanity and serves as the perfect backdrop for an ornate mirror frame.


Contrary to conventional wisdom, multiple fixtures in the right dark colors can enhance a small space and actually make it seem larger. The colors in this two tone paint scheme are separated by a band of tiles, a technique that works wonderfully no matter what size the room or what colors you use. Neutral colors tone down a busy aesthetic.


If your toilet and sink are positioned next to each other in a corner, use a small sink to avoid crowding someone sitting on the toilet. Always choose fixtures and position them with the space between kept firmly in mind. Notice that no storage or other furniture has been placed in the corner; leaving the space relatively free ensures easy movement between toilet and sink and creates more visual space as well. The choice of white walls and floor, with a basic decorative border of patterned tiles, visually opens up the room.


Sometimes a subdued design provides the most welcoming comfort in a space used by many people, so don’t hesitate to go low key in your guest bath. Here, a gold bathmat, towels and other accents liven up the room’s classic gray-and-white scheme. An oak hardwood floor provides an unexpected look underfoot, and crisp chrome accents and fixtures in the bath and shower provide
an upscale polish.


Turn a simple detached bath into a grander space by exchanging a standard bathtub for a fully tiled shower enclosure. If you’re going to go to the trouble of creating a large walk-in enclosure such as this, tiling it on all surfaces will make it that much more special. A tile color that stands out from the other colors in the room is one way to draw attention to this very special feature.



The ideas and experiences of other gardeners provide a rich vein to mine for help with your own garden design. A peek at the creativity others have poured into settings like yours will stir up the idea pot. You will notice that the same problems are solved over and over again, but in different ways.
The four small-garden scenarios that follow embrace common circumstances for garden decoration. You are likely to identify with some aspect of one or more of these settings. Each scenario has a brief description followed by some thoughts on suggested uses, common design problems, possible solutions, key plantings and things to note.
By solving the inherent design challenges you are well on the way to creating a usable and beautiful garden.

If you live in a new townhouse, the only potential garden sites are the space in front of the unit and the space at the rear. Both are likely to be nearly square. (End or corner townhouses may own additional space for a garden along one side.)

New townhouses tend to be built as a series of side-by-side similar units, each with a smattering of landscaping.” The front garden site, facing the street, is as wide as the townhouse and includes the land from the building wall to any public sidewalk. It may or may not include a shade tree planted by the builder, but it certainly will have some evergreen shrubbery across the foundation. Paved entry walks and landings or porches reduce the plantable garden space.

Rear garden sites will also be as wide as the unit but the depth may vary, particularly if residential parking is located behind the townhouse. The heating/cooling units servicing the residence are usually in the rear. A townhouse unit with a garage has even less available garden space because of the driveway serving the garage.


Possible Uses
The public setting and the walkway mean that the front of a is best used as an entry garden or flower garden. The rear space can serve different uses, among them outdoor entertaining recreational gardening or as a private retreat.
Common Design Problems
• Townhouse garden sites often are not well defined. Your allotted space may simply run into the site next door with no visual distinction between them.
• There is frequently an inherited landscape consisting of evergreen shrubbery huddled at the foundation of the building and a patch of lawn.
• Rear gardens lack a clear sense of space and may have no privacy or sense of purpose.

Create a sense of enclosure in a front garden site by dearly delineating the boundaries. These sites cry out for a picket or wrought-iron fence to serve as a neat ornamental frame to the garden. If fencing is not an option, rely on plantings (low shrubs or a small tree) along the perimeter to establish the feeling of enclosure. Such plantings help make the entry walk a short transition from public parking into a private place.
Provide a central feature, such as a miniature lawn, ground-cover bed, small ornamental tree, or statuary1 as the visual focus of the newly defined space.
Rear gardens must be contained and separated from common space. With so little space to spare, fencing is the best and quickest way to provide a sense of privacy from neighboring units.
Key Plantings

• Identify your existing landscape plants and determine their expected mature size. Newly constructed homes will have some landscaping provided by the contractor, in most cases the only thought behind it is green side goes up.” Probably the plants are too close to the foundation and too large for the location. Plan to dig and relocate them to more suitable sites.
• Plant one or more small trees or tree-form shrubs as close to the sidewalk or street as possible. This will create a foreground for the garden, serve as faux gate posts1 and enhance the feeling of enclosure. A 20-foot-wide garden has room for a pair of small ornamental trees.
• Use low shrubs (3 to 4 feet high) to establish the frame of the garden and a backdrop for flowers. The smaller spireas, evergreen hollies, or even ornamental grasses fit this bill.
• Genuinely consider whether a lawn is a good idea or not.

Things to Note
You need to allow access to utility meters.
Unless you own an end unit, you should allow space for transporting construction, planting, and maintenance items between the front and the rear garden. Before you make a purchase, think about how you will carry it to the site.
Be sure there is an exterior water spigot in both front and back; all new plantings will need regular watering.