Things which are not good for house decoration of narrow space

Decoration for the narrow and small house always requires the careful and proper arrangement rather than the large one.

  1. Dark color of the wall

It is not simple to choose the wall color for the narrow and small house. Normally, the low level of light color such as brown, grey is going to make the space narrower. Therefore, light and colorful colors are good and smart options for small space with the purpose of making them larger visually.

  1. Artificial ceiling

Small house normally have low ceiling. So in case of having the artificial ceiling the content and structure must be as simple as possible or it is even better if no artificial ceiling is used. Complicated artificial ceiling can make the space heavy and suffocating. Materials which are used to make the artificial ceiling can be wood, porcelain and other new materials.

  1. Separating the space with a number of furniture

In order to save the space and make the line among the rooms in the small house, many people have chosen the way to decorate a number of different stuffs made of different materials. And they vary in size also. This way of decoration will make the small space look more complex and suffocating and even occupy for more space. It is better to use things which can have the same colors with the floor or create the natural division by having the different vignette in the floor to make it a gentle shift to another space for other living activities in the house.

  1. Hard wall divider

Hard wall divider can make the small house look narrower and heavy. Good suggestion is that glass divider which can be transparent or colorful is established instead. Transparent glass divider can make the house full of light and look larger thanks to the visual and reflecting effect of glass. Bathroom and kitchen are 2 places which can be applied this kind of stuff to extend the space, creating the feeling of open and fresh. In addition, the price of glass divider and cost for installation is reasonable.

  1. Simple lighting system

Because the ceiling is simple and the separation of rooms and spaces in the small house is not very clear then the lighting system in some cases would not be given sufficient attention. People will mainly decorate the mail lamp in the important position which can create the boringness for the room. The lighting system in the small house should follow a proper order. The main light should be big, clear, simple in design and structure and can reflect the gentleness. In contrast, the supplementary lamps such as the wall or table lamps can be with special design. If you can make use of function of different lamps then you can feel surprised because of the cozy feeling which they can bring to your small house.

  1. Oversized furniture and devices

Tiny and suitable furniture is always good choice for small house. Before purchasing things and stuffs for your house, you should bear in mind the principle “simple is better than complex and small is more preferable than large”. Especially, small furniture with smart design is always a wise options, for example the bed can have the lower drawers, the wardrobe can be designed with a wide range of drawers for a number of storing purpose and so on.

  1. Changing the structure of the space without plan

Because of the wish to extend the space, many people have themselves tries to remove the wall divider or power resistant separator which they think is unnecessary, they can even change the electric and water system in the house. This activity can break the overall structure of the house, especially the ability to be against the power resistance which can reduce the lifetime of the house. In case you need to change or rebuild you must have a design plan with clear and specific details and the review of the house should be done carefully before any activity of rebuilding is made.

  1. Make use of mirror

Mirror is one of great tool to treat the visual eye of people about your small space. But if you make use of the mirrors so much in your house then you can make you feel shining and lack of safe feeling. You should use mirror as one of the elegant decoration item in house. The mirror should be decorated in corner or somewhere where the light can not direct. The round and the rectangle mirrors should be used. And one of the important things is that the 2 mirrors with same structure and design should not be hung opposite to each other.

  1. Decorating with many large size electronic items and devices

The small house always requires the proper arrangement. For the electronic things and devices, you should measure and compare the size of the fridge and the kitchen shelf. The kitchen shelf should be in medium size with tiny arrangement and design. This can help to save the space and will not affect to the storage of food. For the television, the best choice is of course a led television with the flat and thin lead monitor which can be hung in the wall or put in shelf. In addition, you can make use of wall or corner to decorate with speakers and radio system which can release the sound better but can not make the space so complex.

  1. Decorating strange things in the house

Many people are fond of strange things and they are going to decorate all the things they have collected in their house, even though their house is small. For some people, they will hang the dead body of strange animals in the wall such as the skin of tiger or head of buffalo and so on. For some people, they are interested in hunting then they will hang their air gun into the wall. But if these things are too big it can make the room so suffocating. A lot of review on how to make these strange things as decoration can be found on the Internet, for example a air rifle center for air gun decoration.

9 simple ways to redecorate the living space

If one day you feel that your house is so old and you need to redecorate it to make a fresher feeling for the house, then the following advice can be good hints for you to take for a house F5!

  1. Add more color and functions for the old sofa

You should use pillows and mattress which are covered by durable materials, meaning those which can be water and heat resistance. They can be colorful or plain colors, leaving it up to you to deicide based on the color of your sofa and surroundings. If you are having pillows, you just need to change the cover of them, try to find something different from the current. Instead of plain color, you can choose ones which can have vignette or picture can be picture or image of animal, flower or whatever. It can make your house more vivid with these small decoration items.

  1. Use light color curtain with vignette

You should not choose for your curtain some material which is easy to lose its color, get dust and mildew. You should use synthesized fabric which can be good under severe weather conditions or any other kinds which is durable.

  1. Rearrange tables and chairs 

Rearranging the tables and chairs in the house is the simple and inexpensive way to F5 your house. You just need to spend a certain amount of time then you can have the house looks like a new one with different arrangement.

  1. A colorful balcony

If you have a balcony and do not know what to do to remove the boringness of the balcony then you should buy some paint bottles with the color you like. You can spend 2 hours to repaint the steel frame of the balcony, the result is you will have a very colorful balcony which is considered a great impression for the outside view of the house.

  1. Make a small tent in your house

It sounds strange but you just imagine you are lying and enjoy the cup of coffee under the real tent in your house. What will the feeling be? You can not know until you make it. You can make use of a cloth, of course large enough then hold the top and hang it in the wall. It can be a mobile tent for every place and every moment you would like in your house.

  1. Use mirror in house 

Strategic positions to place mirrors in the house can create impressive feeling. The simplest advantage of the mirror is to make your space larger and larger.

  1. Rearrange some souvenir things

If you have a lot of sea shells and sea souvenir then you can buy a fish bottle, put all the things in side, decorate it a little bit with a candle then it looks like a small undersea treasure for you own in your house.

  1. Repaint the main door

It is the easiest way to do, you can repaint your main door with new color or even with the same color. You can feel it strange with new cover or at least it can look newer when being repainted.

  1. New cover for chairs

You can buy new covers for chairs, it is up to the current status of the covers. You can stick on them some decoration items such as pearl, shining gems and so on or you can find another new one in the shop. You can draw something in the wooden chair to make it different if you are good enough at drawing.


Ways to F5 the stair in house

You are going to decorate every corner in the house but you may forget to decorate your stair. With some creative ideas you can make your stair more impressive and attractive in your house compared to other area.

For the house with more than one floor, stair is one of the components which can be lack in any house design. But sometimes you may feel boring with the ordinary style and structure of the stair, then you can try to make it more impressive by some creative ideas. Besides, the stair will occupy for a certain amount of space in your house and it is not small space at all so by redecorating it you can make a big change for your house.

Before you implement any ideas for making the stair new outlook you have to make it clean and repair any stair step which is broken, mild or worn by a range of proper methods depending on the material of the stair. In case you can not fix it yourself you should consult some designers or some workers who are good at repairing things. After that, you can be free to redecorate your stair which is the most suitable for your house.

  1. Decorate the stair with wall paper

In many cases, wall paper can serve more functions than its name for the wall only. You can use the wall paper to stick into the stair step. You can use different color and style of wall paper to stick on the vertical size of the stair or you can combine color to decorate each stair step, it is up to your habit and ability to connect and combine color.

If you like it to be normal, choose ordinary color and style but if you would like it to be your own, then you are free to create any picture of stair that you would like it to be.

  1. Decorate the stair with flower

Flower can be another good option to decorate your stair. You can place some real vase of flower in each floor, but in this decoration you will need to spend more time and effort because you need to take care of the fresh flower. This way is not preferred much in case you have children. The vase can be fallen down if the kids run around.

Another choice with flower is artificial flower. There are hundreds of artificial vase of flower for you to choose, or in order to save the space you can hang the range of artificial flower along the lying part of the stair.

  1. Balloon

For some families who have kids, they are thinking of decorating the stair with balloon. Balloons can be grouped together in group of 3-4 balloons by a ribbon. The group of balloon will be hung into the lying part of the stair. It makes the stair more vivid and looks funny for the kids.

  1. Light

The easier way to decorate the stair is to add more lights, meaning you can hang into the stair a range of lamp. Only with light the stair will become shining and colorful than ever. But for this way, it is better that you will celebrate some events in your house. You can not turn on all the lamps for the stair all days.

You can make it even different with different color of lights which can be bought everywhere with reasonable cost.

  1. Carpet

If you are afraid of decorating something so complicated you can buy several carpet and roll it in the stair. The color of the carpet will make the stair more vivid and energetic.

  1. Be creative with pain

Why do not you think of painting your stair. If you stair is made of cement then you can paint it with the color you want. It can be really your own style and can reflect exactly your habit and thinking.

Ombre style is one of the very popular style for the fashion which can be applied for painting your stair. Of course, so as to follow this style you need to know about art, meaning you need to know how to mix and combine colors with right ratio. The combination of different level and density of color can make a really impression. Or you can use one color for the whole stair but with different level from strong to light and until blur.

You can even draw the vignette or any images you like in your stair. It is better if you hire someone more professional. They can draw the pictures, the sayings, the statues, anything that you like. You stair will be absolutely unique.

Whatever you do with your stair, you have to remember that the purpose is to make it impressive compared to other things in the house but must be really fit with the overall outlook of the house.

How to build up a cyber café

That Internet was launched originated the up coming of relevant business. Internet café is one of the following consequences of internet invention. It was 14 years since the global network was invented that internet café was first launched and developed. Up to now, this kind of business is still profitable and attracts a lot of young business starter to take part in because it is considered a social gaming space attracting a lot of young customers. However, beside advantages, businessmen have to mount a plenty of challenge. If they are green and unready for taking challenges, their restaurant will no sooner go bankrupt. How to build up a profitable cyber café? This article will provide you good information if you are in favor of doing business in terms of cyber café.

There are five essential things you should know very clear to ensure that you can start your business successfully.

  1. Business models

What is the definition of business model and what does it mention? Business model describes the way or method businessman organizes their company or organization. The business model you choose will have strongest effect on your business running. Therefore, you really have to make decision carefully.

There are plenty of business models for you to choose. Traditionally, you provide user only with internet accession. However, it has not been popular recently. Businessmen are more in favor of service drink and food along with internet accession. This type is quite interesting and profitable more than the former one. However, because it is easy to get profit in this type of business, many people join this industry. As a result, doing business in cyber café is very strongly competitive and difficult than it used to be. If your restaurant does not have unique point that attracts and retains your customers, there is no chance for you in this competitive market.

  1. Plan making
  • Not only when you want to start up business in internet café field but also in almost every business career, before starting up, businessman always have a specific and solid business plan. If your are a business starter who have no experience, you should ask the experience one like a current coffee shop owner in your down town or some one who used to work in this field. Or else, you can observe them to self learn experience. Some one even spends few month working as waitress or waiter in an internet coffee shop to learn about how a cyber café runs and how to manage it well.
  • In general, a business plan should consist of the below things;
  • Business structure
  • Type (s) of product
  • Target customer
  • Finance raising method
  • Advertising method
  • Service line
  • Equipment line
  • Projected expenditure

In the following parts, we will write more details about finance raising finance method, advertising method and service and equipment lines

  1. Projected expenditure and finance raising method
  • It is necessary to make a clear list of what you need to buy and prepare for your business. Make sure that you also list their cost or expenditure you have to spend on them. Then make a summary of total expenditure to decide on what method you should use to raise capital or finance to build up and run your restaurant.
  • There are numerous methods to raise capital to make your business plan into reality.
  • A very close and easy source of money that you can borrow is from your friends, your family and your relatives. The advantage when using this source is that it is very safe and fast to have money in hand. However, it is hard to lend a large amount of money when you borrow money from your friends, family and relatives.
  • Another source is from the bank. There is no need to doubt about the potential of the bank. You can borrow enough money for your business plan. However, it takes a lot of time for the bank to check your form-filled information. Beside, you need to pawn something to be a kind of guarantee.
  • You also can pawn or ask loan- shark for money with high interest rate. You can see the possibility of risk in this finance raising method is extremely high.
  • Last but not least, you can attract investment from some one like “angel” in America or some investor. To do that, your business plan needs to have a very high potential of success. However, it is sure that you have to cooperate with others and can not be the most powerful administration.
  1. Environment

In common, the café environment has to provide customers with comfort and happiness. These factors can be created by music, food, drink, furniture and so on.

  1. Advertising

How will you bring your café restaurant’s images to customer to attract them? Popular methods are using internet support and using visual aids.



Household helpline Heloise to the rescue


Solving a “shocking” problem

Is there any way to stop static electricity? It seems like everything we touch–from our ficus tree to a chocolate cake–gives us a shock.

Michelle Beebower, Austin, Texas

Heloise: During the winter, furnaces, active fireplaces, and heaters remove moisture from the air, causing a buildup in static electricity. To reduce the problem, use a humidifier or cold-mist vaporizer. Place leafy indoor plants and bowls of water around the house to add moisture to the environment. Keep a large pot of water simmering on the stove (add cinnamon sticks and any citrus rind to create a lovely wintry aroma, and never let the pot boil dry). Wearing hand lotion may also help.

Three easy spiff-up projects

Shinier appliances

“How can I keep my black fridge, compactor, and dishwasher sparkling and shiny clean?” asks LaCinda Witt of Anchorage, Alaska. I have the same situation–and must admit I do a lot of wiping! My most important hint is to use a terrycloth towel for the job. Dampen it with an ammonia-based cleaner or with vinegar to wipe away fingerprints and smears.

Buffed boots

“How do I remove road-salt stains from a pair of black leather boots?” writes Jim Birt of Windham, Maine. First, let the boots dry naturally–away from heat or direct sunlight. Stuff them with crumpled newspapers to absorb moisture and to help retain their shape. As they dry, gently brush off any salt and dirt you see. Use a standard leather-cleaning product to finish the job. To shine boots, dampen a cloth with a vinegar-and-water solution (one tablespoon vinegar to one cup water). Wipe over the leather, then apply good old-fashioned saddle soap. To prevent this problem, always treat new leather boots with a product designed to protect against salt stains and water.

Puffier pillows

“How long do you recommend keeping a bed pillow?” asks Annette Frenette of Sterling Heights, Michigan. “I am trying to convince my husband that 30 years is too long, but he says as long as the pillowcase is changed, it’s not a problem.” People do get attached to their pillows! Some sleep experts suggest replacing a pillow every few years, but it’s really up to you. Here’s how to tell if your pillow is doing its job: Is the foam or batting inside the form lumpy or bumpy? Does your feather pillow have to be punched or fluffed up for support? If you fold the pillow in half, does it stay folded? If you answered yes to any of these, it’s time for a nice, new pillow. I give our old pillows to Cabernet, my miniature schnauzer, for her bed–the ultimate in recycling!

Heloise organizes … entryway clutter.

With all the gear you need to get through winter, keeping stuff neat and handy is important. These hints will help you make some order of potential chaos:

  • Station a doormat inside and outside every entrance, including the front door. Add a second rubber mat inside for wet shoes and boots.
  • Keep a coat tree or rack near the door to hang damp coats and scarves to dry before you put them into a closet.
  • Place a small table or love seat alongside the door, with hooks or a Peg-Board above it. Keys, carryalls, and important reminders can be left there.
  • Hang a length of metal chain or rope inside your front-hall closet. Attach clips or spring-action clothespins to store mittens, gloves, and hats. You won’t have to search for lost ones in the morning!
  • Set out a waterproof basket or big ceramic pot for sports equipment and umbrellas. Assign each child a different color plastic milk crate, so gear goes directly into it.

When winter comes, before using a fireplace, heater … you should maintain them before use. Because these items are not used during the summer, they can be damaged, but we need to repair them before using. Such families will encounter less problems with these items.
For items that we use everyday, we also need to check them regularly before use as power sources, wire … So it will help extend the life of household appliances you
Above are some of the experiences that we share, hope it helps you solve a number of problems in the family belongings.

Experience in designing a cyber cafe

You have a cyber café with convenient location but how to attract customers and create comparative advantage? Specialty and difference are what all owners would like to have for the space of the cyber cafe. Through the unique, different features of the architecture design of the cyber café, your cyber café can create a private culture and newness which can attract the attention of customers.

  1. Time and money

Almost all the location of the cyber café is hired then the design of the cyber café must be as much quick and effective as possible. In this case, you should ask for help from a professional designer who has experience and knowledge in designing a cyber café. To shorten the time, the designing will happen nearly at the same time with the improving of the location and buying and installing the furniture for the cyber cafe.

When you design the cyber café, you should take into consideration the suitable time for realizing the design layout into the real cyber café. For example, for the medium sixe cyber café the time for making the design should be from 2 to 3 months if the location needs to be improved, from 3 to 5 months if the cyber café is built.

When you design the layout for the cyber café, you should pay attention to the fact that the design must be flexible because of the following reasons. All the hired location will not have the long period for hiring (normally from 5 to 10 years); the cyber café often needs to be improved or re-built after 2-3 years due to the presence of other competitors as well as the increasing demand of customers. So if the design is not flexible enough it will cause you time and money in case you would like to change it to adapt with the new situation in the coming time.

You should choose basic materials and not too much expensive ones, the material should ne light, easy to change, or fix and of course the price must be within your budget (for example fake cement wall, ceiling, industrial wood stick and so on).

In fact, a cyber café which is considered a beautiful one is the one which owns a good space, nice and attractive arrangement so you should focus on making your cyber café a difference.

  1. Effectiveness and suitability

All owners would like their cyber café to accommodate as many customers at the same time as possible, meaning they would like the designer to make use of all the space inside the cyber café, then the designer has to narrow other supplementary space such as gaming space, bar area, staff room, toilet, corner for decoration and so on. Besides, designer has to design and calculate the way to arrange as many tables and chairs as possible for the above purpose of the owner of the cyber cafe.

However, in fact, a nice atmosphere and space of the cyber café can be obtained if inside there is enough empty space so it means it will not good if tables and chairs is arranged too close to each others. If that, the atmosphere will become suffocating and customers can lose their privacy when the others seat too close to them.

According to the experience of professional designers, at the opening time, the arrangement of tables and chairs should not be too close as the cyber café can not reach its full productivity, it can reach only 50 to 70% of business productivity; after 3 to 6 months of operation if the customers increases, then we can re-design a little bit to find more space for increasing number of customers. An open, fresh and private atmosphere can more satisfy your customers which can increase your business profit later.

If you would like to open a cyber café with bar and fast food then the design should focus on each room and each area. You can have the area for holding birthday party; or music concert. It depends on your space to design the area and which then can identify how many people the space can accommodate. If you have large space, then think of this option, otherwise you can lose your business because a narrow space should not be for many purposes.

In the design, you should focus on the connection between the open and active area with quiet area. Even though they are designed for different customers with different purposes but they are in one cyber café then you and designer have to think how to connect them to match with the main theme of the cyber cafe. Therefore, in order to have a good design for a cyber café you should know clearly about your customers, their features and the trend of enjoying the cyber café also.



How to choose kitchen sinks

Kitchen sinks are items used most often in the kitchen. Not only wash dishes but also making their own style if they are designed in accordance with the kitchen space. Therefore, when purchasing a kitchen sink, you can choose the type of long-term use without “old-fashioned” kitchen. The design of the kitchen also affects the type of sink is installed. Before considering to set up your kitchen, you need to answer what size you want. The designer has given many suggestions including a standard 22”x24” single bowl model for kitchens smaller than 150 square feet. In case your kitchen has a space around that size, bring one to yours. There are many models that’s deep but not wide, which gives you enough space without taking up too much of your countertop. Then you need to know what best kitchen sinks in the market. But all of them there are 3 basics models you should know:

  • Single tub: size 500 x 600 x 200mm, easy to wash large pots pans, but the weakness is not saving water. This type is often used as a secondary sink, popular in restaurant
  • Double sinks: This is a common device used in homes today with two equally elected wash, packaging sizes cover 700 – 800mm length; 430 – 500mm width and 200 – 220mm for depth. This is a type for family of 4 members, with spacious and separate processing area.
  • Special sink: There are 3 or more tank or 2 tanks and 1 semi-processed surface, increasing the area used for washing area.

A part of kitchen sink makes more effective to wash your dishes is the air compressor. This is a system to make pressure stream of water as the small, powerful shot high and far. With this system, you will get pleasure when using the product. You can take the air compressors reviews in to get more information about this system. Here, you can have the best advice on many models as well as the quality of the kitchen sinks. Some people confuse on many kinds of kitchen sinks such as a farmhouse sink, also known as an apron sink or apron front sink. This is a large, deep model which is easier to use and fit your space. You can find it easily in all showrooms and also get more advices from designer to make sure your kitchen changing totally.

Material of kitchen sinks is also an important part to choose the best one. What do the best option? Some productions launch their products with many materials like steel or iron. But Steel sinks are a common choice due to their durability, low cost and simple cleaning process. However, other options include porcelain, cast iron, composite stone and metals. Consider the overall aesthetic of your kitchen to determine which style best suits your space.

For advanced washing nozzles are mesh to create air bubbles at the top of the water washing process was shot, usually the kind associated with pelvic drain assembly. The type of hose nozzle body wash standards is long and very easy to handle high or low, convenient for use.

Also according to European standards for stainless steel sinks is 1mm thick, usually heart sink deep from 17-> 19 mm, the perineum with class noise. Trap systems of all these pots are inspired garbage and prevent cup to avoid smelly sinks and easily removable when taking the garbage. Moreover, this type of sink impurities (iron pencil …) is very low, so the surface is bright, pots and more particularly when the use of pickled foods like vegetables, fruits … not infected toxic, does not affect human health.

Tips for the best electric tea kettle

Like other household device, in order to have the best electric tea kettle you normally will base on the brand, reasonable price, durability and so on then the following advice can be helpful for you to choose the one that is most suitable with you. In case it can not, you can travel to the website clicking the menu the best electric tea kettle to find out other relevant information.

  1. Considering suitable features for your family
  • Power

Normally, the electric tea kettle will have high power, from 600 to 2.500 Watt, which can help the users to have the boiling water quickly. The more the power is, the high speed the water will boil.

– With the electric tea kettle of power 2.000W, 1,8 liter of water can be boiled to 100 degree in around 3 minutes.

– With the electric tea kettle of power 1.000W then the time for boiling will be more around 7 minutes but the price will be more reasonable.

  • Capacity

Depending on the daily usage demand, you should choose the one with appropriate capacity. Ordinary capacity for a normal electric tea kettle will be from 0.8L to 1.7L.

– If you are a student and you live alone you can use one with low capacity from 0.8L to 1.2L which can help you to save the electricity and the space for using as well as it is very easy for you to bring it somewhere else.

– If you have a family you can buy one which have higher capacity from 1.5L to 1.7L, it can be the better choice for your family. The higher capacity electric tea kettle can maintain the heat for the long time so you will not need to re boil the hot water after the time you boil it so you can have hot water for using for a certain period of time.

  •  Noise

Almost all electric tea kettles will create the noise but it will not too much. It is also the sign showing that the water has been boiled and is ready to use and then you will not hear any noise.

  • Electricity saving

High capacity can help to boil the water in the short time and using less electricity. You have to care about the fact that you only boil the amount of water you need to use so you can save the water and the electricity. At the same time you should consider to buy one of well known brand so you can be sure about the quality and durability of the electric tea kettle.

  • Material

The cover of the electric tea kettle will be made of 2 materials; they are heat-resistant plastic and metal. The metal cover (normally is the stainless steel) will have the shining look with heat -resistant ability. It can help to prevent the dust inside and is easy to clean. The plastic cover can have high heat-resistant capacity so if your family has a child you should choose the plastic one which can prevent your child from being burnt when touching.

The body of the electric tea kettle normally will be made of the same material with the cover but the plastic one will have additional stainless steel layer inside which can help the water to boil more quickly.

  • Weight

Weight and structure of the electric tea kettle will decide the quality of the kettle. A mobile electric tea kettle is the better choice than a bigger one which can save more space.

  1. Level of convenience
  • Electric source line and bottom of the tea kettle

You have to make sure that the electric source line is closely plugged in. During the time of using, low quality and safety can make the plastic to be elastic, lacking the electricity from broken line leading to cases of power failure.

  • Holder

You have to check if the holder of the tea kettle is durable and heat-resistant. It must be closely stuck to the body of the tea kettle otherwise you can lose it when you move it which can be very dangerous for the users.

  • Table to show the water level

And of course, if you would like to know the exact water level to do a certain thing so the table to show the water level in the body of the tea kettle is necessary for you.


Bathroom Decoration: bathroom ideas

More than any other room in the house, a bathroom’s design must effectively combine form and function. It’s not always an easy balance, but get it right and you make this essential room much more comfortable, safer and a stunning part of your home’s design.
Any discussion about bathroom design must actually cover three different spaces: the powder room or half-bath; the separate or guest bath; and the master bathroom. Each presents different design opportunities and challenges, but the basics of sound design underlying successful bathroom style are the same no matter what size the room may be. For instance, safety is the paramount concern in any bathroom because of the combination of water and slick surfaces. Hygiene and cleanliness are also natural issues to consider whenever you choose materials and fixtures for a bathroom design.

Whatever the particulars, one of the great things about a bathroom is that it doesn’t take much to renew the look of the room. A design update can entail a quick makeover or a complete remodel. Add a new faucet, showerhead and towel bars, and you introduce fresh new flair to the room. A little paint and a refinished vanity can do the same. Of course, you can change the look even more dramatically if you’re willing to resurface the walls or floors, or make bigger changes such as adding a standalone shower enclosure, a bidet or a jetted tub. Larger changes can also make the room more usable. Add his-and- her sinks, and you alleviate marital friction and make the morning bathroom rush hour a lot less stressful for everyone.
Luxury, though, is the highest calling for a bathroom design. Steam fittings in a shower stall, towel warmers, super-deep soaking tubs and mini-saunas are all ways to turn the bathroom into less of a purely functional space and more of a spa-like experience. The examples that follow illustrate the full range of possibilities for your bathroom. Choose the options that suit your space, your life, your budget and your tastes, and turn this functional space into a more comfortable design gem that adds to the look, comfort and enjoyment of your home.


Bathroom design details don’t need to be ostentatious or over the top to make a big impact. This simple black-and-white bathroom is made more stylish with the addition of a frosted-glass divider at the foot of the tub, a simple black bathmat over an understated sisal rug and unusual shelves that offer dynamic shapes and plenty of visual interest. All the fixtures are kept simple and white, and contemporary faucet fittings reinforce the room’s uncomplicated—yet beautiful—aesthetic.


Turn to unexpected style features such as the chandelier and period-style chair used in this room and
include top-of-the-line fixtures such as this drop- in whirlpool tub. Captured in a highly detailed custom oval surround, this model includes heated backrests, 36 jets, molded armrests, color-matched grab bars and room enough for two. A luxury shower stall or bathtub like this not only elevates the bathroom’s look, it can vastly improve your day-to-day life.


Institute high style in your bathroom by including a mix of textures and patterns to provide increased visual interest anywhere the eye settles. The sleek white marble floor in this lavish bathroom competes for attention with the showy silver patterned wallpaper framing the bump out. The simple modern fixtures and vanity, as well as a glass shower enclosure, reinforce the luxurious style driving the rooms aesthetic. Notice that as stylish as the space is, function and storage have not been sacrificed to the design.


The southwestern flair of this en suite bathroom and walk-in closet combo features a vanity and
storage that not only match the cabinetry in the closet and dressing area but also look custom
made for the space. There is a vanity and matching storage furniture to suit any bathroom—even if the room has adobe walls and irregular stone payers for a floor.


Add unexpected elements to a bathroom—especially a large bathroom such as this—to pump up the visual interest. The chaise lounge reinforces the notion of the room as a spa retreat. The open shelving with rolled up towels is a great way to store attractive textiles, but it also provides rounded shapes that contrast the overwhelmingly linear design of the room, up to and including the stylish spout outside the tub. Shape and line are as much a part of the well-designed bathroom as color and texture.


Mounting sink fixtures through the mirror is an innovative and chic choice for bathrooms. The temperature controls are left on the vanity, while waterproof backsplash tiles create a clear border from countertop to wall. The matte black tile has a scintillating surface relief that invites the hand as well as the eye. Small details such as this can dial your bathroom design up a notch with a modest investment, regardless of the size of the room.


Reinforce your bathrooms design theme with your choice of toilets. The available selection of toilet styles is greater than ever before and, as shown here, includes some eye-catching shapes. This bathroom is equipped with both toilet and bidet, and as is done in almost every case, the two are a matched set. These modern-style fixtures are also low-flow, which is not only the socially responsible way to go, it’s also mandated by many local, regional and state ordinances.


Choose lighting fixtures to not only serve the function, but also add a flashy form to the bathroom’s design. Sconces, like this matched pair, are perfect for bringing a bit of drama into the room. Notice how the blown-glass shades on these units work perfectly with the wall paint color and also complement the handsome vanity-and-mirror combination, If you have your heart set on colorful light fixtures, it’s a wise idea to bring paint and vanity finish samples with you when you go shopping.


Looking to impress in your bathroom? If you’re willing to spend a bit more, you can’t go wrong with a custom -tiled shower enclosure like the one shown here. Distinctive motif indicators like the arch used in this shower opening, the alcove shelf and the wall detailing add even more flair. The mix of tile shapes, colors and sizes is a sure way to keep the eye moving and interested. A bench makes this particular shower as luxurious to use as it is to look at.


Create an unforgettable morning ritual by including multiple showerheads in your shower. The body sprayers shown here combine with an overhead rainwater showerhead to turn a simple shower into a hedonistic daily indulgence. A rail mounted, handheld showerhead increases the adaptability of this shower and makes it even more luxurious. Low-flow versions (pictured here) let you enjoy the sumptuous experience knowing its eco-friendly as well.



A side-yard garden is the outdoor equivalent of a hallway, a little chute of space between the house and property line, joining the front and back yards. An indispensable walkway, it may provide access to service or utility meters on the side of the house. The side yard may also be used (in a limited fashion) fir storage, utility placement, and the routing of service lines.

Side yards are gardens on the skinny, since the space rarely exceeds 15 feet in total width (less than 10 feet in new housing) and is much longer. Usually the space is too pinched for any active use other than walking.

Common Design Problems

  • The main challenge is maintaining a usable passage while creating an attractive garden space. The choice of paving materials and the layout of the walkway sets the tone.
    • Unless there is a wall or fence along the property line, the boundary may not be clearly defined.
  • It is difficult to make storage areas and utility spaces both secure and attractive.


  • The walkway is everything in a passageway garden. It should provide solid footing, but informal paving such as steppingstones, bricks on sand, or pea gravel will work. Routing the walk from one side to the other in a gentle “S” curve or with a right-angle offset will vary the width of the planting areas and increase the interest of the space.
    • Use a fence (or vine-covered lattice) to define the space and to screen any storage. Gates at either end will look attractive from the front or rear garden while screening the passageway. Hedges or shrubbery are not recommended because they take too much room.
    • An overhead arbor the length of the passageway is an ambitious yet unique way to define the space. It will also make the space uniformly shady.

Key Plantings

The open side of the passageway may receive full sun, while the roof cave may shade the sides adjacent to the house completely. Such conditions make plant selection and water management tricky.

  • Look for a durable evergreen ground cover to provide visual unity, reduce maintenance, and be a foil for more ornamental plants, which you can plant in the ground cover.
    • Take advantage of a wall or fence by planting flowering vines or vigorous climbers and training them to cover it.
  • Locate any trees on the property-line side of a side yard passageway. This will enhance the feeling of enclosure.

Things to Note

Know the drainage pattern. The side yard may be the only route for storm- water runoff to move between the front and back of the residence. Do not block this drainage when creating a passageway garden.
Any gate in a passageway should be wide enough to permit access by emergency repair equipment.


Consider using the passageway for a specialty garden. A side yard can be ideal for a raised-bed vegetable garden or a cutting garden. if it is sunny plant tomatoes; if it is shady, create a fern glade.
A side-yard passageway also can be an elegant entryway. In an urban location, consider installing a small fountain. The sound of water will help you leave the outside world on the far side of the gate.